A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or jolt to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.
Concussions are often an ‘invisible’ injury. Many concussions go undiagnosed and untreated and most occur without loss of consciousness. Teachers, friends, coaches, teammates, parents, and onlookers need to know how to recognize when a child has experienced this trauma.
Signs & Symptoms
Concussion symptoms can vary and aren’t always apparent. In fact, sometimes students do not realize that they have suffered one. Concussions can occur during sports, or during accidental bumps or falls. Many kids don't want to admit to their friends, teachers, coaches or parents that they have injured themselves. Young athletes appear to be particularly vulnerable to the effects of concussion. They are more likely than older athletes to experience problems after concussion and often take longer to recover. Teenagers also appear to be more prone to a second injury to the brain that occurs while the brain is still healing from an initial concussion. This second impact can result in long-term impairment, and although it is very rare, even death. The importance of proper recognition and management of concussed young athletes cannot be over-emphasized. After a concussion, the brain needs time to heal. A doctor should monitor the child to make sure they are recovered before activity resumes.